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Solid Waste Terminology

Collection means the act of removing solid waste or designated solid waste from the point of generation to a central collection or storage point; a designated facility or disposal site; and removing the same solid waste or designated solid waste from a central collection or storage point to a disposal site or designated facility.

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County means the County of Cumberland, North Carolina.

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Department means the county Solid Waste Management department.

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Designated facility means a solid waste disposal facility or facilities serving the county designated geographic area; and to which it is required by this article that designated solid waste generated within the territorial jurisdiction of Cumberland County and placed in the waste stream for disposal be ultimately transported for disposal.

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Designated geographic area means the geographic area that has been approved and designated as a designated geographic area by the North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, or any successor agency, as a specified geographic area, within which all designated solid waste generated and placed in the waste stream for disposal is required to be delivered to a designated facility.

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Disposal means the placement of waste in a landfill or other repository intended for permanent containment of waste (can include incineration).

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Enterprise Fund is a form of accounting that utilizes a separate fund or cost center for a specific purpose. Enterprise funds are generally sustained by revenues generated within that department.

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Materials Restriction Ban any ordinance or law that prohibits or penalizes the disposal of a particular material. For example, many North Carolina communities have materials restriction bans for cardboard which prohibit or impose penalties for the disposal of cardboard in landfills.

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Noncommercial residential property/premises means any property or premises classified in the tax records of the county as residential and having a single tax parcel identification number (PIN), including, but not limited to, single-family residential lots, group development parcels, apartments, condominiums and mobile home parks, and having less than eight single-family units on or within such property or premises.

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Permit means a written document from the county health department and/or solid waste management department granting permission for the collection, transportation, or disposal of solid waste and/or designated solid waste.

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Person means a legal entity, such as a natural individual person, partnership, corporation or unincorporated association.

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Recovered materials means those materials that have a known reuse or composting potential, can be feasibly reused or composted, and have been diverted or removed from the solid waste stream for sale, use (other than for energy generation), or reuse by separation, collection or processing. For all purposes under this chapter, materials herein defined as recovered materials are not considered to be any form of solid waste so long as they are not placed for collection nor disposed of at a designated facility.

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Recycling means the process by which recovered resources are transformed into new products in such a manner that the original products lose their identity, including their use as raw materials or feedstocks in lieu of, or in addition to, virgin materials in the manufacture of goods sold or distributed in commerce, or the reuse of such as substitutes for goods made from virgin materials.

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Sanitary landfill means a facility for the final disposal of solid waste.

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Sharps include needles, syringes with attached needles, capillary tubes, slides and cover slips, and scalpel blades.

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Solid waste means all material customarily referred to as garbage and refuse and other discarded material, including solid, semisolid, or containing gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations and from community activities, but does not include solid or dissolved material in domestic sewage, or solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or industrial discharges which are point sources subject to permits under Section 402 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended; includes, but is not restricted to the following classifications:

  1. Commercial waste. Waste which originates in retail or private sector services, for example, retail establishments, offices, theaters, restaurants, warehouses, hotels and motels, and other nonmanufacturing activities.
  2. Compost. A humus-like material resulting from the biological decomposition of organic materials.
  3. Construction and demolition waste. Any waste building materials, packaging, and rubble resulting from construction, remodeling, repair, and demolition operations on pavements, houses, commercial buildings, and other structures.
  4. Garbage. All putrescible wastes, such as food wastes, animal and vegetable matter, animal offal and carcasses, and recognizable industrial by-products, but excluding sewage and human wastes.
  5. Hazardous waste. (a) Any material defined as a hazardous substance pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980; or applicable state laws, rules, regulations, policies, and guidelines promulgated thereunder, as each may be amended from time to time, (b) any waste which, by reason of its composition or characteristics, is a toxic substance or hazardous waste as defined in (i) the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, as amended, and related federal, state, and county laws and regulations; or (ii) any future, additional, or substitute state or county laws and regulations pertaining to the identification, treatment, storage or disposal of toxic substances or hazardous wastes; (c) any source, special nuclear or by product materials within the meaning of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and any related regulations; (d) any low level radioactive waste or any other material posing a threat to the health or safety, including without limitation, pathological, medical, or biological wastes, septic cesspool or other human wastes, human and animal remains, cleaning fluids, crankcase oils, cutting oils, paints, acids, caustics, poisons, explosives and drugs.
  6. Industrial waste. All nonhazardous solid wastes generated by industries and manufacturing facilities. May also include small quantities of wastes generated from cafeterias, offices, or retail sales departments on the same premises.
  7. Institutional waste. Material originating from services offered on behalf of the public, i.e., nursing homes, jails, hospitals, schools.
  8. Medical waste. Any solid waste which is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals, in research pertaining thereto, or in the production or testing of biological materials, but does not include any hazardous waste identified or listed pursuant to this Article, radioactive waste, or household waste as defined in 40 Code of Federal Regulations Section 261.4(b)(1) in effect on 1 July, 1989.
  9. Municipal solid waste. Includes residential, commercial, and institutional nonhazardous solid wastes and designated solid waste.
  10. Putrescible solid waste. Any solid waste capable of being decomposed by microorganisms with sufficient rapidity as to cause nuisance from odors and gasses, such as kitchen wastes, offal, and carcasses.
  11. Radioactive solid waste. Any waste that emits ionizing radiation spontaneously.
  12. Recyclable materials. Solid waste and designated solid waste materials that are lawfully capable of being recycled and are specified as such in pertinent laws and regulations of the United States and the State of North Carolina.
  13. Refuse. All nonputrescible wastes.
  14. Residential waste. Solid waste and designated solid waste originating from private households (private single-family homes and apartments, condominiums, etc., not institutional residential facilities).
  15. Slurry waste. A waste with a high liquid content not easily dewatered.
  16. Special waste. Any type of waste that requires special handling in the county's collection and disposal systems, including tires, used oil, batteries, appliances ("white goods"), asbestos, and medical wastes.
  17. White goods. Includes inoperative and discarded refrigerators, ranges, water heaters, freezers, and other similar domestic and commercial large appliances, i.e., washers, dryers, dishwashers, kitchen compactors, window unit air conditioners, etc.
  18. Yard trash. Solid waste and designated solid waste consisting solely of vegetative matter resulting from landscape maintenance, i.e., grass, brush, leaves and nonconstruction natural wood debris.

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Solid waste collection facility means a central place provided by the county at which solid waste and designated solid waste is collected and temporarily stored in containers.

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Solid waste collector means any person, firm, corporation or other entity engaged, in whole or part, in the collection, transportation, delivery, or disposal of solid waste or designated solid waste generated within the designated geographic area of Cumberland County. This includes any such entity engaged in such activities with respect to solid waste or designated solid waste generated by such entity, as well as any entity engaged in such activities with respect to solid waste or designated solid waste generated by others.

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Solid waste director means the county solid waste management department director.

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Solid waste disposal facility means any and all facilities now or hereafter designated by the county as part of its system for the disposal of solid waste, including, but not limited to, other volume reduction facilities, sanitary landfills, demolition landfills, resource recovery facilities (including steam production and electrical generating facilities using solid waste as fuel), and regulation of solid wastes. The term "solid waste disposal facility" includes, but is not limited to, a designated facility as defined herein.

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Unacceptable waste means (a) explosives, hazardous waste, other hazardous chemicals or materials, radioactive materials, motor vehicles, and liquid and semi-liquid wastes, other than such insignificant quantities of the foregoing as are customarily found in normal household and commercial waste and as are permitted by law to be treated and disposed of in facilities not specifically permitted or licensed to treat or dispose of such materials; (b) any item either smoldering or on fire; (c) noncombustible construction materials and demolition debris, including masonry, brick and stone, structural steel, re-bar, and structural shapes; (d) all other items of waste which, at the time of delivery to a designated solid waste facility, would normally not be disposed of in a sanitary landfill under applicable federal, state, and local rules and regulations; and (e) any other items of waste that are prohibited by any applicable federal, state or local law or rule from being processed in a designated facility.

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Waste means material discarded by the generator as no longer useful to the generator.

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Waste reduction means decreasing the quantity of materials and/or products that must be disposed.

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Cumberland County, NC.
All Rights Reserved.
County Courthouse
117 Dick Street
Fayetteville, NC 28301